The empowerment of women is also an essential pre-condition for building change from the bottom up. Among the standards that have been put in place to promote common values and benchmarks for women’s empowerment, the EDGE global business certification standard for gender equality assesses companies’ policies and practices in areas such as equal pay for equal work, recruitment and promotion, flexible working, and company culture (EDGE, n.d.). Other important international standards include the International Labour Organization standards and the United Nations Women’s Empowerment Principles (ILO, n.d.a; UN Women, 2016). Yet while the role of corporate actors in financing, managing and implementing programmes relating to women and girls has increased over recent years, these private sector initiatives have mainly focused on health and empowering women economically through employment, training and entrepreneurship opportunities. Looking at the broader conditions needed for women’s empowerment will be important for tackling the root causes of gender inequality, with benefits for society as a whole (Box 1.4).